Tsosoloso ea Bokreste ba Baapostola ba Lekholong la Pele la Lilemo
KJV e Bobolu
KJV e Bobolu

KJV e Bobolu

King James Version ke eng?

King James Version (KJV), eo qalong e neng e tsejoa e le Authorized Version, ke phetolelo ea Senyesemane ea Christian Bible ea Kereke ea England e phethetsoeng ka 1611 tlasa tšehetso ea morena James oa England, Ireland le Scotland.[1] Ka Pherekhong 1604, King James o ile a bitsa seboka ho rala motheo oa phetolelo e ncha ho arabela tšebeliso ea Geneva Bible ke Ma-puritan[2], mokha oa bo-raliphetoho oa Kereke ea Chache.[3] Litaelo li ile tsa fuoa bafetoleli ba neng ba ikemiselitse ho fokotsa tšusumetso ea Ma-puritan phetolelong ena e ncha. Bafetoleli ba ne ba sa lumelloa ho eketsa lintlha tse ka thoko ho leqephe joaloka Geneva Bible.[4] King James o qotsitse litemana tse peli Geneva moo a fumaneng lintlha tse ka thoko ho leqephe li khopisa melao-motheo ea bophahamo ba borena bo khethiloeng ke Molimo.[5]

Libibele tsa Senyesemane pele ho KJV

William Tyndale o ile a fetolela Testamente e Ncha mme a phatlalatsa Bibele ea pele e hatisitsoeng ka Senyesemane ka 1525.[6] Ka mor’a moo Tyndale o ile a ntlafatsa Testamente ea hae e Ncha (e hatisitsoeng ka 1534) ha a nahana ka ho hatela pele ha thuto ea Bibele.[7] Tyndale le eena o ne a fetoletse karolo e khōlō ea Testamente ea Khale. O ile a ahloleloa lefu ka lebaka la liqoso tsa bokhelohi ka ho fetolela le ho hatisa Bibele ka puo e tloaelehileng. Mosebetsi oa Tyndale le mokhoa oa hae oa ho ngola li ile tsa etsa hore phetolelo ea hae e be motheo o ka sehloohong oa liphetolelo tsohle tse ileng tsa latela tsa Senyesemane sa mehleng ea kajeno.[8] Ka 1539, Testamente e Ncha ea Tyndale le mosebetsi oa hae o sa fellang ka Testamente ea Khale e bile motheo oa Great Bible. The Great Bible e bile eona "phetolelo e lumelletsoeng" ea pele e fanoeng ke Kereke ea Chache nakong ea puso ea Morena Henry VIII.[9] Hamorao ha Libibele tsa Senyesemane li ne li boetse li thibetsoe ka molao, bo-raliphetoho ba ile ba baleha ka hare ho naha 'me ba theha kolone e buang Senyesemane Geneva Switzerland.[10] Bajaki bana ba ile ba nka phetolelo e ileng ea tsejoa e le Geneva Bible.[11] The Geneva Bible, e qalileng ho hatisoa ka 1560, e ne e le tokiso e ntlafalitsoeng ea Bibele ea Tyndale le The Great Bible, hape e ne e thehiloe lipuong tsa pele.[12]

Kamora hore Elizabeth I a lule teroneng ka 1558, borena le Kereke ea Chache li ile tsa qabana le Great Bible le Geneva Bible, haholo ha ho shejoa Geneva Bible ha ea ka ea "lumellana le kereke le ho bonahatsa sebopeho sa babishopo sa Kereke ea Chache. le litumelo tsa eona ka baruti ba hlomamisitsoeng ”.[13] Ka 1568, Kereke ea Chache e ile ea arabela ka ho sebelisa The Bishops’ Bible, e leng phetolelo e ntlafalitsoeng ea Great Bible e ipapisitseng le phetolelo ea Geneva.[14] Bibele eohle ea semmuso ea Kereke ea Chache, Bishops 'Bible e ile ea hloleha ho tlosa phetolelo ea Geneva e le eona Bibele ea Senyesemane e tsebahalang haholo mehleng eo.[15]

Geneva Bible - mohanyetsi ea ka sehloohong le tšusumetso ho KJV

Geneva Bible e ile ea tsoela pele ka King James Version ka lilemo tse 51. [16] E ne e le Bibele ea Senyesemane e neng e baloa ka bophara le e nang le tšusumetso e matla lekholong la bo16 le la bo17 la lilemo 'me e ile ea hatisoa ho tloha ka 1560 ho ea ho 1644 ka likhatiso tse fetang 150 tse fapaneng.[17] E le sehlahisoa sa barutehi ba hloahloa ba Maprostanta ba mehleng ea eona, e ile ea fetoha Bibele eo ba e ratang haholo ho bangoli ba bangata, bahlalefi le batho ba tummeng ba mehleng eo. Geneva Bible e ne e le eona Bibele ea mantlha ea Boprostanta ba Manyesemane ba lekholo la bo16 la lilemo mme e ne e sebelisoa ke William Shakespeare, [18] Oliver Cromwell, John Knox, John Donne, le John Bunyan, mongoli oa The Pilgrim's Progress (1678).[19] Ba-pilgrim ba ile ba tla le Geneva Bible ka Mayflower Plymouth ka 1620.[20] Lingoliloeng le lipuo tsa bolumeli tse phatlalalitsoeng ke litho tsa kolone ea Plymouth li fana ka maikutlo a hore Geneva Bible e ne e sebelisoa ke bona feela.[21] William Bradford o e qotsitse bukeng ea hae ea Plymouth Plantation.[22] Bibele ea Geneva e ne e le Bibele eo Ma- Puritan a neng a e rata, eseng Authorized Version ea King James.[23] Ho tsebahala ha Geneva Bible ho ne ho le hoholo, kae kapa kae moo Boprostanta bo matla bo neng bo le matla ebile e ne e le Bibele e ratoang ke baruti ba Ma-puritan England, Scotland le Amerika ka nako eo.[24]

Geneva Bible e bile tsoelo-pele e hlokomelehang ho tsoa Libibeleng tse fetileng. E ne e le Bibele ea pele e sebelisang likhaolo le litemana tse nang le linomoro. Lebaka le ka sehloohong le ileng la fetoha phetolelo e tsebahalang haholo ea nako ea lona ke lintlha tse fetang 300,000 tse ka thoko ho leqephe tse kenyellelitsoeng ho hlalosa le ho toloka mangolo ho batho feela. Ke lintlha tsena tsa boithuto tse neng li nkuoa li le kotsi ho borena.[25] Kaha Geneva Bible e ne e le Bibele e ratoang haholo ke Maprostanta a Chache le a Puritan, Morena James I o ile a e hanyetsa ’me a ntša maikutlo a hae Sebokeng sa Lekhotla la Hampton sa 1604 a re, “”Ke nahana hore Geneva ke eona e mpe ka ho fetisisa.”[26] O ne a ikutloa hore litlhaloso tse ngata li ne li le “leeme haholo, e se ’nete, li hlohlelletsa bofetoheli, ’me li natefeloa ke boikakaso bo kotsi le bo bolotsana…” Ho ka etsahala hore ebe o ile a bona tlhaloso ea Geneva ea litemana tsa Bibele e le “republicanism” e khahlanong le baruti, e leng se neng se ka fana ka maikutlo. bolaoli ba kereke bo ne bo sa hlokahale. Litemana tse neng li bua ka marena e le bahatelli li ne li nkoa e le tse hlohlelletsang bofetoheli ka ho khetheha. [27] Ho ne ho tšojoa hore ba balang lintho tse joalo ba ne ba tla belaella tlhokahalo ea morena e le hlooho ea kereke ’me haeba litlhaloso tse joalo li ne li ka hatisoa, babali ba ne ba ka ’na ba lumela hore litlhaloso tsena li nepahetse ebile li tsitsitse, e leng ho etsang hore ho be thata haholoanyane ho fetola maikutlo a bafo ba hae. [28]  James o ne a ntse a sebetsana le litaba tse tšoanang le baetapele ba Maprostanta morao koana Scotland, mme o ne a sa batle tsekisano e tšoanang England. 

Geneva Bible e ne e le tšokelo ea lipolotiki ’musong oa hae ’me kahoo King James a laela le ho hira phetolelo e ncha ea Bibele e neng e tla mo khotsofatsa, eo pele e neng e tsejoa e le Authorized Version – e lumelletsoeng ho baloa likerekeng. Litaelo li ne li akarelletsa litlhokahalo tse ’maloa tse ileng tsa etsa hore phetolelo e ncha e tloaelehe ho bamameli ba eona le babali ba eona. Taba e ngotsoeng ea The Bishops’ Bible e ne e tla sebetsa e le tataiso e ka sehloohong bakeng sa bafetoleli, ’me mabitso a nepahetseng a tloaelehileng a batho ba hlahang ka Bibeleng kaofela a ne a tla bolokoa. Haeba Bibele ea Bishops’ e ne e nkoa e le bothata boemong leha e le bofe, bafetoleli ba ne ba lumelloa ho sheba liphetolelo tse ling lethathamong le neng le amohetsoe esale pele ho akarelletsa Bibele ea Tyndale, Bibele ea Coverdale, Matthew’s Bible, The Great Bible le Geneva Bible.[29] Sebakeng sa ho ba mosebetsi o bululetsoeng oa mantlha, KJV e ne e le ntlafatso e nyane ka sepheo se ka sehloohong sa ho hatella 'nete ka ho fetolela likarolo tse fapaneng ka tsela e neng e khahlisa borena bo hlomamisitsoeng le taolo ea bolumeli ea nako eo. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, John Adams, mopresidente oa bobeli oa United States, o ile a ngola a re: “Le se ke la lebala Geneva kapa la khesoa. Tokoloho ea bolumeli e lokela ho hlomphuoa haholo. ”[30]

Tšusumetso ea Latin le Catholic Rheims New Testament

Authorized Version e bontša tšusumetso e kholo ea Selatine ho feta mefuta e fetileng ea Senyesemane. [31] Bafetoleli ba 'maloa ba lumetse hore ba khona ho ngola ka Selatine ho feta ka Senyesemane ba ratang setaele sa thuto le thibelo khahlanong le lintlha tse hlalosang le tsona li tlatselitse ho itšetleheng ka Selatine.[32] Lebaka ke hobane Geneva Bible e ne e ka sebelisa lentsoe le tloaelehileng la Senyesemane 'me ea hlalosa moelelo oa eona ka mokhoa o ka thoko ho leqephe, athe' mali oa KJV o ne a ke ke a rua molemo lintlheng ka hona phetolelo ka boeona e ne e hloka mantsoe a mang a tekheniki ho tsoa ho Anglicized Latin. Leha ho na le litaelo tsa ho sebelisa Bishops 'Bible e le sengoloa sa mantlha, Testamente e Ncha ea KJV e susumetsoa haholo-holo ke Catholic Rheims New Testament, eo bafetoleli ba bona ba neng ba lekile ho fumana se tšoanang le Senyesemane bakeng sa mantsoe a Selatine.[33] Bakeng sa taba e ngotsoeng mohloling oa Testamente e Ncha, bafetoleli ba KJV ba sebelisitse haholo-holo likhatiso tsa Segerike tsa 1598 le 1588/89 tsa Theodore Beza, tseo le tsona li neng li hlahisa litemana tsa Selatine hammoho le tsa Segerike. [34] . Bafetoleli le bona ba ile ba tšoara lipuisano tsohle ka Selatine. 

Ho na le lipalo tse ka bang 190 moo bafetoleli ba Authorized Version ba tlohang temaneng ea Beza ea Segerike ho boloka mantsoe a Bibele ea Bishop le liphetolelo tse ling tsa pele tsa Senyesemane.[35] Liballo tse ling li ile tsa saloa morao ho ea pejana ho 1550 Greek Textus Receptus ea Stephanus, meqolong e tšoanang ea Segerike liphetolelong tsa Erasmus, kapa Complutensian Polyglot. Leha bonyane 80% ea mongolo oa KJV New Testament e sa fetoloa phetolelong ea Tyndale, KJV e alima haholo ho tsoa ho Latin Vulgate le Catholic Rheims New Testament. [36]  KJV e kenyelletsa ho baloa ho theha mefuta e mengata e fapaneng ea libuka tse ngotsoeng ka letsoho tsa Segerike tsa lekholo la bo16 la lilemo hape e bonts'a 'malo o' maloa o neng o se na mongolo oa Segerike o hatisitsoeng. Maemong ana, Senyesemane sa KJV se tsoa ho Vulgate ea Selatine ka ho toba.[37] Kaha KJV e nahanoa hore e fetoletsoe ho tsoa lipuong tsa mantlha, ho ka tšosa ba bang hore mantsoe le lipoleloana tse ngata ho KJV li tsoa ho Vulgate ea Selatine eseng Sengolo se Ngotsoeng ka Segerike.

KJV e le ts'usumetso ea Molimo

Ho ’nile ha etsoa tlhahiso ke ba bang ba ba buellang KJV feela, hore liqeto tsa ho sebelisa Selatine ho e-na le mehloli ea Segerike li ne li bululetsoe ke Molimo.[38] Ba bang ba ea hole joalo ho bolela hore AV / KJV ke "tšenolo e ncha", kapa "tšenolo e tsoetseng pele" e tsoang ho Molimo.[39] Khang e tloaelehileng ke hore haeba Molimo o fana ka 'nete ka tšenolo ea mangolo, Molimo o tlameha ho netefatsa phetisetso e bolokiloeng le e sa senyeheng ea tšenolo ea hae. Tumelo ea bona ea phetisetso e bolokehileng e ba fa maikutlo a hore Textus Receptus e tlameha e le mongolo o haufi-ufi le li-autograph tsa Segerike.[40] Sena se khahlanong le nyatso ea sejoale-joale e bonts'itseng hore litemana li ile tsa silafatsoa ka makholo a lilemo a phetiso. Ho nyatsuoa hoa bongoli ho re file mokhoa o hlophisehileng oa ho lekola seo e kanna eaba ke 'malo oa mantlha oa ho fana ka sengoloa se hlasimollang le lisebelisoa tse hlokolosi bakeng sa ho khetholla mefuta e meng ea bohlokoa.[41]

Le hoja batho ba bang ba King James e le bona feela ba nahanang hore bafetoleli ba KJV ba ne ba bululetsoe ke Molimo, bafetoleli bona ha baa ka ba etsa joalo. Ba ile ba ngola, “Tšimoloho ea oona e tsoa leholimong, eseng lefatšeng; mongoli ke Molimo, e seng motho; sengoli sa Moea o Halalelang, eseng bohlale ba Baapostola kapa Baprofeta.”[42] Hamorao ba ile ba ngola hore "'nete eohle e tlameha ho lekoa ka maleme a pele, Seheberu le Segerike." Kahoo, bafetoleli ba King James ba ne ba lumela hore matla a Mangolo a ne a le libukeng tsa pele-pele tsa lipuo tsa pele.

Bafetoleli ba KJV le bona ba ile ba bolela hore Libibele tse ling tsa Senyesemane li bululetsoe, esita le liphetolelo tse futsanehileng ka ho fetisisa. Ba ile ba ngola, “Che, rea tiisa ’me re tiisa hore phetolelo e mpe ka ho fetisisa (e mpe) ea Bibele ea Senyesemane ke Lentsoe la Molimo.” Sena se bontša hore ba ne ba lumela hore phetolelo e ’ngoe le e ’ngoe e bululetsoe ke Molimo, ho sa tsotellehe hore na phetolelo eo e ne e fokola hakae. Hape ba ne ba lumela hore mosebetsi oa mofetoleli ke ho tsoela pele ho ntlafatsa puo eo, eseng hobane Lentsoe la Molimo le siiloe ke nako, empa hobane Senyesemane sea fetoha. Ke ka lebaka leo bafetoleli ba King James hang-hang ba ileng ba qala ho etsa liphetoho bakeng sa khatiso ea 1611 ’me ba tsoa le e ’ngoe ka 1613 ’me e ’ngoe ka 1629. Bafetoleli ba KJV ba ile ba ngola, “Ha ho mohla re kileng ra nahana ho tloha qalong hore re lokela ho etsa phetolelo e ncha . . . empa ho etsa se molemo ka ho fetisisa kapa ho tsoa ho tse ngata tse molemo, ntho e le ’ngoe ea sehlooho e molemo.” Sena se fana ka maikutlo a hore ba ne ba nka liphetolelo tsa pele li le molemo ho akarelletsa le ea William Tyndale, Coverdale le ba bang. Baranodi ba ne ba ipona ba sa itekanela mme ba re, “le rona re ne re sa nyatse go fetola se re neng re se dirile.” Ba ile ba boela ba buella hore ho sebelisoe liphetolelo tse sa tšoaneng ba re, “Liphetolelo tse sa tšoaneng li molemo bakeng sa ho fumana moelelo oa Mangolo.”[43]

Leeme le fetolehang le setaele ho KJV

Ho fapana le Bibele ea Geneva e lumellanang haholoanyane ha e fetolela lentsoe le tšoanang lentsoeng le tloaelehileng la Senyesemane, bafetoleli ba King James ba ile ba sebelisa mantsoe a sa tšoaneng a Senyesemane ho itšetlehile ka tlhaloso ea bona ea moelelo oa taba. Bafetoleli ba boletse selelekeleng hore ba ne ba sebelisa mokhoa oa ho feto-fetoha ha setaele, ba fumana mantsoe a mangata a Senyesemane kapa lipuo libakeng tseo puo ea pele e neng e sebelisa ho pheta-pheta. Ha e le hantle, ba ile ba boela ba etsa se fapaneng le seo ka ho sebelisa lentsoe le le leng la Senyesemane “khosana” e le phetolelo ea mantsoe a 14 a fapaneng a Seheberu.[44] Leha ho le joalo, maemong ao ba ka beng ba sebelisitse Senyesemane se tšoanang bakeng sa lentsoe le le leng puong ea pele, ha ba ka ba etsa joalo. Ha ba ne ba ka be ba sebelisitse mefuta e fapaneng e fapaneng ea lipapiso tsa Senyesemane tse lumellanang le mantsoe a mangata puong ea pele, le bona ha baa ka ba etsa joalo.  

Kenyelletso ea Apocrypha

Apocrypha ke libuka tseo eseng tsa 'nete tse ileng tsa phatlalatsoa ho King James Bible ea mantlha ea 1611 mme e ne e le karolo ea KJV ka lilemo tse 274 ho fihlela li tlosoa ka 1885 AD[45] Bongata ba libuka tsena li bitsoa libuka tsa deuterocanonical ke ba bang ho kenyeletsoa le kereke ea K'hatholike. Ho 'nile ha pheha khang ea hore Apocrypha e ne e sa lokela ho kenyelletsoa ho tloha ha Maprostanta a e hana e le Lengolo. Ho kenyelletsoa ha Apocrypha ke sesupo sa hore li-KJV li lokela ho botsoa hore li bululetsoe ke Molimo. Ka mohlala, Tobit 6: 5-8 e bua ka boselamose 'me ha e lumellane le Bibele eohle. 2 Maccabees 12:45 e ruta pelekatori. Le ha Geneva Bible ea 1560 e ne e e-na le Apocrypha, e ile ea aroloa ho mangolo kaofela ebile e ne e se na lintlha tse ka thoko ho leqephe. Likhatiso tse ngata tsa morao-rao tsa Geneva Bible li ne li se na Apocrypha.[46]

KJV eseng katleho hanghang

Qalong King James Version e ne e sa rekise hantle ha e ne e qothisana lehlokoa le Geneva Bible. Khatiso ea pele le ea pele ea King James Bible ho tloha ka 1611 ha e na litlhaloso, ho fapana le mefuta eohle ea Geneva Bible ho fihlela ka nako eo.[47] KJV e ne e le theko e tlaase ho e hatisa hobane e ne e se na lintlha tse ngata tseo Geneva e neng e e-na le tsona. Khōlo ea pele ea KJV Engelane e ile ea nolofalloa le ho feta ke bolotsana ba 'maraka athe Geneva Bibles e ne e ka kenngoa Engelane ka theko e kholo ha KJV e ne e lumeletsoe ho hatisoa Engelane ka theko e tlaase.[48] Ho feta moo, King James o ile a nka bohato ba ho thibela ho hatisoa ha likhatiso tse ncha tsa Geneva Bible.[49]

Le hoja e hatisitsoe ka 1611, e bile ka 1661 moo Authorized Version e ileng ea nkela Bishops Bible bakeng sa lithuto tsa Book of Common Prayer. Ha ho mohla e kileng ea nkela Bishops Bible in the Psalter (bolumo ea buka ea Lipesaleme bakeng sa tšebeliso ea litšebeletso tsa bolumeli). Ha KJV e ntse e ata, ho ile ha sala ba bang har’a litsebi, baruti le batho feela ba tloaelehileng, ba neng ba ntse ba sebelisa Geneva Bible, ba tletleba ka hore moelelo oa Mangolo o ne o ke ke oa utloisisoa hantle ntle le litlhaloso tsa Geneva Bible.[50] Lintlha tsa Geneva li ne li hlile li kenyellelitsoe likhatisong tse 'maloa tsa phetolelo ea King James, le morao haholo ka 1715.[51] Oliver Cromwell, o ne a rata Geneva Bible, ha ka 1643, a fana ka 'The Soldier's Pocket Bible' ho mabotho a hae - pampitšana ea maqephe a 16 e entsoeng ka lintlha tse nkiloeng ho Geneva Bible. Ho fihlela ka 1769, ha tokollo e kholo ea KJV e ne e lokolloa ka mopeleto le matšoao a puo a ntlafalitsoeng, maikutlo a sechaba a ile a fetoha hoo a ileng a hlokomela hore KJV (Authorized Version) ke mosebetsi o tsoileng matsoho oa puo ea Senyesemane.[52]

Kakaretso ea papiso le Geneva Bible

Tafole e latelang e bapisa KJV le Geneva bible e sebeletsa ho bontša hore na hobaneng KJV e sa lokela ho hlomphuoa hakana.

Geneva Bible ea 1599

King James Version ea 1611

E bululetsoe ke Nchafatso ea Boprostanta

E bakiloe ke litšusumetso tsa Counter-Reformation

Ba ratoa ke batho ba tloaelehileng, Ma-puritan, bo-raliphetoho le bo-ralikolone ba Amerika

E ratoa ke Borena ba Lenyesemane le Baruti

Bibele ea ba batlang tokoloho ea bolumeli

Bibele ea ba batlang bolaoli ba bolumeli

Bibele ea bangoli ba nang le tsebo ba kenyeletsang Shakespeare, William Bradford, John Milton le John Bunyan

Bibele ea 17th baruti ba Anglican ba lekholo la lilemo

Re Sebelisa Senyesemane se Tloaelehileng

Ho Sebelisitsoe Anglicized Latin

Mongolo o toloka hanyane (mantsoe a Segerike a fetoleloa ka mokhoa o ts'oanang ho sebelisa se tšoanang sa Senyesemane)

Teko e toloka haholo (mantsoe a fapaneng a Senyesemane a sebelisoa libakeng tse fapaneng bakeng sa lentsoe le le leng la Segerike)

Mengolo e botlaaseng ba leqephe

Mengolo e botlaaseng ba leqephe e nyane

E atlehile hobane e ratoa ke batho

E atlehile ka lebaka la ho qobelloa ho amohela, ho qhekella le ho thibela Geneva Bible

Bomenemene ba mongolo ba KJV

Ho theosa le makholo a lilemo, ha bangoli ba ntse ba kopitsa le ho hlophisa libuka tse ngotsoeng ka letsoho tsa Testamente e Ncha, litlatsetso tse tlatselletsang li ile tsa kenella libukeng tse ngotsoeng ka letsoho le liphetoho tse fapaneng li entsoe molemong oa thuto ea Bokreste.[53] [54] Litsebi tsa morao-rao li hakanya palo ea mengolo e sa ngolisoeng ea Testamente e Ncha e pakeng tsa 200,000 le 750,000.[55] [56] [57] Le ha mefuta e mengata e sa re letho, tse ngata tsa tsona ke tsa bohlokoa ba thuto ea bolumeli. [58] Ka bomalimabe KJV e kenyelletsa bobolu bo phahameng ba mongolo pele ho sibolloa le tlhahlobo ea sehlopha se pharaletseng sa lipaki tsa pele tsa mongolo tse etsahetseng makholong a seng makae a fetileng.[59]

Litemana tse ngata ho King James Version ea Testamente e Ncha ha li fumanehe liphetolelong tsa sejoale-joale tsa Bibele. [60]  Ka kakaretso litsebi li nka litemana tsena tse seng li sa siuoe e le litemana tse ekelitsoeng litemaneng tsa Segerike.[61] Tekanyetso ea qeto ea bohlophisi bakeng sa ho se akarelletse litemana tsena e ne e thehiloe tabeng ea hore na bopaki bo bonahalang bo bontšang hore ho ka etsahala hore ebe karolo eo e ne e le teng tabeng e ngotsoeng ea Testamente e Ncha ea pele kapa e ile ea eketsoa hamorao. Sena se tumellanong le molao-motheo oa ho hlophisoa ha litaba ka ho teba, joalokaha o hlalositsoe ke Moruti Samuel T. Bloomfield, ea ngotseng ka 1832, “Ka sebele, ha ho letho le belaetsang le lokelang ho amoheloa ‘lentsoe le tiileng’ la ‘Buka ea Bophelo’.” [62]

KJV e na le litemana le litemana tse 26 tseo e seng tsa pele, kahoo li siiloe kapa li kentsoe ka har'a liphetolelo tsa morao-rao. Litemana tsena li kenyelletsa Mat 17:21, Mat 18:11, Mat 20:16, Mat 23:14, Mar 6:11(b), Mareka 7:16, 9:44, Mar 9:46, Mar 11:26 , Mareka 15:28, Mareka 15:28, Mareka 16:9-20, Luka 4:8(b), Luka 9:55-56, Luka 17:36, Luka 23:17, Johanne 5:3-4; Johanne 7:53–8:11, Liketso 8:37, 9:5-6, Liketso 13:42, 15:34, 23:9(b), Liketso 24:6-8, 28:29 , Baroma 16:24 , le Comma Johanneum ea 1 Johanne 5:7-8 .[63] Mabapi le qetello e telele ea Mareka ( 16:9-20 ), ho na le lebaka le matla la ho belaela hore mantsoe ana e ne e le karolo ea taba e ngotsoeng ea pele ea Likosepele, joalokaha ho boletsoe ke mohlahlobisisi ea hlaheletseng, “Ho ea ka kahlolo. har’a bahlahlobisisi ba molemo ka ho fetisisa, likarolo tsena tse peli tsa bohlokoa ke tlatsetso ea taba e ngotsoeng qalong ea neano ea baapostola.” [64]

KJV e boetse e bonts'a bobolu bo tloaelehileng moo litemana li ileng tsa fetoloa ho tšehetsa thuto ea Boraro-bo-bong. Mehlala e leshome le metso e 'meli ea bobolu bo susumetsoang ke thuto ea bolumeli ho KJV bo kenyelletsa Matheu 24:36, Mareka 1: 1, John 6:69, Liketso 7:59, Liketso 20:28, Bakolose 2: 2, 1 Timothea 3:16, Baheberu 2:16 , Juda 1:25, 1 Johanne 5: 7-8, Tšenolo 1: 8, le Tšenolo 1: 10-11.[65]

Mohloli oa taba Litemana tsa Segerike tsa Testamente e Ncha tse sebelisitsoeng ho hlahisa KJV li ne li ipapisitse haholo le libuka tse ngotsoeng ka letsoho tsa mofuta oa morao oa Byzantine.[66] Ka ho sibolloa ha morao-rao ha libuka tsa khale tse ngotsoeng ka letsoho, litsebi tsa sejoale-joale tsa lingoliloeng li shebisisa ka hloko bopaki ba libuka tse ngotsoeng ka letsoho tseo e leng tsa lelapa la Alexandria joalo ka lipaki tsa pejana tsa se ngotsoeng.[67] 

Erasmus le Comma Johanneum

Taba e ngotsoeng ea Segerike ea Lilemong tsa 16th Novum Instrumentum kaofela e hlophisitsoeng ke Desiderius Erasmus, eo hamorao a ileng a tsejoa e le Textus Receptus, e bile le tšusumetso e kholo ho King James Version. [68] [69] Erasmus e ne e le moprista oa K'hatholike, 'me, ho fapana le Luther le Calvin, ha a ka a tlohela kereke ea Roma e K'hatholike.[70] Khatiso ea hae ea boraro ea 1522 e ne e thehiloe libukeng tse ka tlase ho tse 12 tsa Segerike tse ngotsoeng ho tloha lekholong la bo16 ho isa ho la boXNUMX la lilemo.[71] Maemong a mang, Erasmus o ile a kenya ’malo oa Vulgate ea Selatine tabeng e ngotsoeng ea hae ea Segerike le hoja mehloli ea hae ea Segerike e ne e se na eona. Erasmus, hammoho le libuka tse ling tsa Segerike tse nang le likarolo tse ngata tse amanang le Textus Receptus, li ile tsa bontša phello e ntseng e eketseha ea liphetoho tsa bangoli bonyane lilemo tse sekete ’me li fapane haholo le libuka tsa pele-pele tse ngotsoeng ka letsoho tse ngotsoeng lilemong tse makholo a mahlano tse qalang ka mor’a Kreste.[72] [73]

Erasmus o ile a halefisoa ke hore khatiso ea pele le ea bobeli ea mongolo oa hae oa Segerike oa lekholong la bo16 la lilemo li ne li haelloa ke karolo ea 1 Johanne 5:7-8 .Komma Johanneum), e neng e sebelisetsoa ho tšehetsa thuto ea Boraro-bo-bong, ha libuka tse 'maloa tse ngotsoeng ka letsoho tsa Selatine li ne li e-na le eona. Ha a botsoa ka sena o boletse hore o ne a sa e fumana libukeng life kapa life tsa Segerike mme, ha a araba bahanyetsi ba bang, a tsoela pele ho bolela hore sena e ne e se taba ea ho se etse letho, empa e ne e le feela ea ho se kenyeletse (ho se kenye ntho eo e seng ea eona ). O ile a bontša hore esita le libuka tse ling tse ngotsoeng ka letsoho tsa Selatine ha li na eona.[74] [75] Leha ho le joalo, khatisong ea boraro ea 1522, Comma Johanneum e ile ea eketsoa temaneng ea hae ea Segerike.[76] Erasmus o ne a akarelletsa Comma Johanneum, hobane o ne a ikutloa a tlamehile ke tšepiso ea ho e kenyelletsa haeba ho ne ho fumanoa buka e ngotsoeng ka letsoho e nang le eona. Ka mor’a hore ho fumanoe buka e le ’ngoe ea Segerike e ngotsoeng ka letsoho ea lekholong la bo16 la lilemo (Codex Montfortianus) e neng e e-na le eona, o ile a etsa qeto ea ho e kenyelletsa le hoja a ile a bontša hore o na le pelaelo mabapi le bonnete ba temana eo.[77] [78]

Mistranslations ho Authorized Version ea 1611

Ha se bafetoleli ba KJV feela ba neng ba ts'epa mehloli ea libuka tsa letsoho e neng e sa fihlellehe lithutong tsa Bibele tsa lekholo la bo17 la lilemo,[79]  Hape ho na le liphapang tse ngata Testamenteng ea Khale ha li bapisoa le liphetolelo tsa sejoale-joale. Ho se tšoane hona ho bakoa ke kutloisiso e sa nepahalang ea mantsoe le sebōpeho-puo sa boholo-holo sa Seheberu ke bafetoleli. Mohlala ke hore liphetolelong tsa sejoale-joale ho hlakile hore Jobo 28: 1-11 e hlalosa ts'ebetso ea meepo, ha sena se sa bonahale ho KJV.[80] Ka 'nete, phetolelo ea King James e na le liphetolelo tse ngata tse fosahetseng; haholo-holo Testamenteng ea Khale moo tsebo ea lipuo tsa Seheberu le lipuo tse ling e neng e sa tsitsa ka nako eo.[81] Phoso e atisang ho qotsoa e ho Seheberu sa Jobo le Deuteronoma, moo lentsoe la Seheberu le bolelang `` poho e hlaha (mohlomong li-aurochs) e fetoleloa ho KJV joalo ka Unicorn (Num 23:22; 24: 8; Deut 33:17; Jobo 39: 9,10; Psa 22:21; 29: 6; 92:10; Esa 34: 7); ho latela Vulgate unicornis le bahlalosi ba 'maloa ba bo-rabi ba mehleng e bohareng. Ke sebakeng se le seng feela moo bafetoleli ba KJV ba ileng ba hlokomela phetolelo e 'ngoe, "litšukulu" ka thoko ho Esaia 34: 7.[82]

Ka makhetlo a 'maloa poleloana ea Seheberu e hlalosoang ka phoso e le lebitso le nepahetseng (kapa ka ho le leng); joalo ka ho 2 Samuele 1:18 moo 'Buka ea Jasher' hantle ha e bue ka mosebetsi o ngotsoeng ke mongoli oa lebitso leo empa e lokela ho ba 'Buka ea ba Lokileng' (e neng e hlahisitsoe e le mokhoa o mong oa ho bala karolong e ka thoko ho leqephe ho Mongolo oa KJV).[83]

Ho Jeremia 49: 1 The 1611 KJV e bala "hobaneng ha morena oa bona a ka rua Molimo". Ena ke phoso e lokelang ho baloa Gade mme ea lokisoa liphetolelong tsa sejoale-joale.[84] Phoso e 'ngoe e totobetseng, e entsoeng ke bafetoleli ba King James Version, e fumanoa ho Liketso 12: 4, moo ho sebelisitsoeng lentsoe Easter. Ka Segerike sa pele, lentsoe lena ke pasche mme e bua ka Paseka, eseng Paseka. Paseka ke mokete oa Bibele o boletsoeng ho Exoda 12:11, Levitike 23:5, Mattheu 26:2, Mattheu 26:17 le libakeng tse ling ka Mangolong. Testamenteng e Ncha ea KJV, lentsoe la Segerike bakeng sa Paseka hangata le fetoleloa ka nepo e le “Paseka,” ntle le ho Liketso 12:4 , moo ka phoso le fetoletsoeng e le Easter.

KJV vs Aramaic Peshitta

George Lamsa ha a fetolela Bibele ho tsoa puong ea Sesyria (Searame) Peshitta, o ile a supa liphoso tse ngata ho King James Version tse amanang le ho khetholla mantsoe a Seheberu hampe.[85] Ho na le mathata a puo, haholo-holo puong e kang Seheberu le Searame (puo ea bo-khaitseli ho ea ho Seheberu se buuoang ke Jesu) moo letheba le le leng kaholimo kapa tlasa lengolo le fetolang moelelo oa lentsoe haholo. Meleng e ngotsoeng ka letsoho e ka tlala batho ka lebaka la ho haella ha sebaka 'me letheba le behiloeng kaholimo ho lengolo le le leng le ka bala joalo ka ha le ne le behiloe tlasa lengolo mola o fetileng. Mohlala o fanoeng ke hore phapang e le 'ngoe feela ho mantsoe a ithutileng monna le motho ea hlokang kelello ke letheba, ka holim'a lentsoe kapa ka tlasa lona. Ho feta moo, litlhaku tse ling lia tšoana. Tse ling tsa liphetolelo tsa bohlokoahali li ne li bakoa ke pherekano ea litlhaku le mantsoe.

Linyeoe tse latelang li bonts'a ho tšoana ha mantsoe le mangolo le hore na liphetolelo tse ling tse fosahetseng li ile tsa fetisoa joang ho tloha puong e 'ngoe ho ea ho e' ngoe. Bangwe ba dumela gore mekwalo ya bogologolo ya Sehebera e ne ya latlhega, mme Peshitta ke yone fela mokwalo o re ka tlhomamisang gore mekwalo ya bogologolo ya Baebele e kwadilwe jang.

Deuteronoma 27: 16

Peshitta: Ho rohakoe ea rohakang ntat'ae kapa 'm'ae…

KJV: Ho rohakoe ea joalo o beha leseli ke ntate oa hae kapa 'm'ae…

 

Deuteronoma 32: 33

Peshitta: Tsa bona maqeba Ke mahloko a diphokojwe, le tjhefo e sehloho ya marabe.

KJV: Tsa bona veini Ke chefo ea linoha le mahloko a sehlōhō a marabe.

2 Samuel 4: 6

Peshitta: Mme bona, baile ba kena ka hare ho ntlo; joale bara bao ba bokhopo ba nka mme a mo otla mpeng ea hae…

KJV: Mme ba kena ka hare ho ntlo, joalokaha eka ba ne ba tla lata koro; 'me ba mo otla tlas'a khopo ea bohlano…

Jobo 19: 18

Peshitta: E, esita le ba khopo ba ntlhoile; ha ke tsoha, ba bua hampe ka nna.
KJV
: Ee, bana ba banyane o nyelisitse; Ka ema, mme ba bua kgahlano le nna.

 

Jobo 29: 18

Peshitta: Eaba ke re, ke tla otloloha joaloka lehlaka. Ke tla lopolla ba futsanehileng, ke atise matsatsi a ka joalo ka lehlabathe la leoatle.

KJV: Eaba ke re, Ke tla shwela sehlaheng sa ka, ke tla atisa matsatsi a ka joale ka lehlabathe

 

Pesaleme ea 144: 7,11

Peshitta: Otlolla letsoho la hao hodimo; Ntopolle metsing a maholo, letsohong la Jehova Ho hloka bomolimo.. Ntopolle letsohong la ea khopo, bao melomo ya bona e buang lefeela, mme letsoho la bona le letona ke letsoho le letona la leshano.

KJV: romela letsoho la hao hotswa hodimo; u ntebele, u ntopolle metsing a maholo, letsohong la bana ba makatsang… Ntlose 'me u ntopolle letsohong la bana ba makatsang, bao melomo ya bona e buang leshano, mme letsoho la bona le letona ke letsoho le letona la leshano.

 

Moeklesia 2: 4

Peshitta: Ke atisitse bahlanka ba ka…

KJV: Ke iketseditse mesebetsi e meholo…

 

Esaia 10: 27

Peshitta: … 'Me joko e tla senyeha molaleng oa hao ka lebaka la matla a hao.

KJV:… 'Me joko e tla senyeha ka lebaka la tlotso.

 

Esaia 29: 15

Peshitta: Ho malimabe bona ke bo-mang etsa hampe ho patela Morena merero ya bona; mme mesebetsi ya bona e lefifing, mme ba re: Ke mang ya re bonang? Mme ke mang ya tsebang seo re se etsang ka ho senyeha?

KJV: Ho madimabe bao batla botebo ho patela Morena merero ya bona, mme mesebetsi ya bona e lefifing, mme ba re: Ke mang ya re bonang? Mme ke mang ya re tsebang?

 

Jeremia 4: 10

Peshitta: Yaba ke re: Oho, Morena Modimo, ke ao rapela Ke thetsitse haholo sechaba sena le Jerusalema; hobane ke itse…

KJV: Yaba ke re: Oho, Morena Modimo! Ka sebele O thetsitse haholo batho bana le Jerusalema, ba re…

 

Ezekiele 32: 5

Peshitta: 'Me ke tla hasanya nama ea hao holim' a lithaba, 'me ke tla tlatsa liphula le hao lerōle;


KJV
: Ke tla bea nama ya hao hodima dithaba, ke tlatse diphula ka tsa hao bophahamo.

 

Obadia 1:21

Peshitta: le ba pholositsoeng o tla nyolohela thabeng ea Sione ho ahlola thaba ea Esau…

KJV
: Mme baboloki o tla nyolohela thabeng ea Sione ho ahlola thaba ea Esau…

 

Mikea 1: 12

Peshitta: bakeng sa lerabele moahi o kula ho emela se setle; + etsoe tlokotsi e theohile ho tsoa ho Jehova e fihlile hekeng ea Jerusalema.

KJV: Bakeng sa moahi oa Marothe emela hantle bakeng sa se molemo; + empa bobe bo ile ba theoha bo tsoa ho Jehova + ’me ba fihla hekeng ea Jerusalema.

 

Habakuke 3: 4

Peshitta: Ho khanya ha hae ho ne ho le joaloka leseli; ka motse eo matsoho a hae a neng a e tiisitse o tla boloka matla a hae.

KJV: Mme kganya ya hae ene eka lesedi; o ne a e-na le linaka tse tsoang letsoho la hae le ne le patiloe.

 

Tlatsetso e fosahetseng ea Baheberu ho Paul

Sehlooho sa KJV sa Baheberu ke "Lengolo la Pauluse Moapostola ho Baheberu" le fosahetseng. Leha ho kanna ha ba le kamano le Pauline le Baheberu, moetlo oa kereke ea morao o ile oa etsa phoso ea hore Pauline ke mongoli oa Pauline.

Clement oa Alexandria (hoo e ka bang ka AD 150–215) o ne a nahana hore lengolo le ngotsoe ke Paul ka Seheberu ebe le fetoleloa ka Segerike ke Luka.[86] Origen (hoo e ka bang AD 185-253) o itse mehopolo ke Pauline empa a hlahisa hore motho e mong o ngola lintlha tse khuts'oane mme a ngola seo moapostola a neng a se ruta le ho se bua.[87] Origen o ile a fetisa moetlo oa hore Luka kapa Clement oa Roma e ne e le mongoli, empa o ile a lula a sa itlame ka hore na mongoli ke mang. Boholo ba litsebi li lumela hore Origen o ne a lumela hore Molimo o teng ka mongoli ho tloha ha a ngola, "Empa ke mang ea ngotseng lengolo, kannete ke Molimo feela ea tsebang."[88] Tertullian (hoo e ka bang ka AD 155-220) o ile a fana ka maikutlo a hore Barnabase ke eena mongoli ea bontšang hore ho ne ho se na tšekamelo makholong a pele a lilemo Bophirimela ho fana ka lengolo le eang ho Paul.[89] Boholo ba litsebi tsa Testamente e Ncha kajeno li lumela hore Paulose ha a ngola Baheberu. John Calvin le Martin Luther ka bobeli ba ile ba arolelana kahlolo ena.[90] Le lilemong tse makholo pejana lekholong la bone la lilemo, kereke ea Roma e ne e sa lumele hore Paulose o ngotse Baheberu.[91] Ho qhela bongoli ba Pauline ba Baheberu ke boemo ba nako e telele moetlong oa kereke.[92]

Bongoli ba Pauline bo lokela ho lahloa ho latela bopaki ba kahare. Mangolong a 13 a Paulose o itsebahatsa ka lebitso, ka hona ho ba sieo ha lebitso ho Ba-Heberu ho tiisa hore Paulose o ngotse lengolo leo.[93] Buka ea Ba-Heberu ka boeona e bonts'a sengoli ntle le Paul ho tloha ka setaele, ntle le litemana tse koalang (13: 18-25), ha e tšoane le tse ling tse ileng tsa phonyoha tsa Paulose.[94] Khang e kholisang ke tsela eo mongoli a ipolelang ka eona ho Ba-Heberu 2: 3, a bolela hore evangeli e netefalitsoe "ho rona" ke ba utloileng Morena a phatlalatsa poloko.[95] Paulosi khafetsa o ne a hlakisa taba ea hore e ne e le moapostola oa Jesu Kreste le hore Kosepele e tiisitsoe ho eena ka kotloloho. Sena se tla etsa hore Paulosi a se ke a tšoaneleha ho ba mongoli oa Baheberu.

Ho bala hampe ha KJV

Ha li bapisoa le liphetolelo tsa sejoale-joale KJV e na le boemo bo tlase ba ho baleha. E sebelisa puo ea khale eo babali ba sejoale-joale ba nang le bothata ba ho e utloisisa. Hobane moelelo oa litemana tse fapaneng hangata o sa hlaka ho babali ba sejoale-joale, KJV hangata e ratoa ke maquloana a fanang ka moelelo o khethehileng ho fumana lithuto ho tsoa litemaneng tse sa hlakang. Elizabethan English ha e tsejoe, ea ferekanya, 'me ka linako tse ling ebile ha e utloisisehe ho Bakreste. Bonyane ho na le mantsoe le lipoleloana tse 827 matsatsing a King James tse fetotseng moelelo oa tsona kapa tse seng li sa sebelisoe puong ea rona ea sejoale-joale, ea letsatsi le letsatsi ea Senyesemane (ke hore, utloa bohloko, leruo le litšila, kapele, lunatick, boka, lerato, liaparo tsa basodoma) .[96] Mantsoe a mangata a na le moelelo o fapaneng ts'ebelisong ea kajeno ho feta kamoo a neng a le kateng nakong eo ho neng ho ngoloa King James Version. Mohlala, joalo ka ha e sebelisitsoe ho KJV, lentsoe 'phatlalatsa' le bolela 'bolella,' 'allege' le bolela 'paka,' 'me' moqoqo 'o bolela' boits'oaro ',' buisana 'ho bolela' arolelana, '' nka 'ho bolela' tšoenyeha, '' thibela 'ho bolela' etella pele ',' nama 'ke lentsoe le akaretsang bakeng sa' lijo 'le' anon 'le' ka 'ho fetolela mantsoe a Segerike a bolelang' hanghang '.[97]

Tšebeliso e mpe ea KJV kajeno

KJV ke phetolelo ea 'semmuso' ea Kereke ea Orthodox ea Amerika mme e sebelisoa ka mokhoa oa borapeli bakeng sa moloko oohle oa American Orthodox ". King James Version hape ke e 'ngoe ea liphetolelo tse lumelletsoeng ho sebelisoa litšebeletsong tsa Kereke ea Episcopal le Selallo sa Anglican.[98] Kereke ea Jesu Kreste ea Latter-day Saints e tsoela pele ho sebelisa khatiso ea eona ea Authorized Version e le Bibele ea eona ea Sekhooa ea molao. Batšehetsi ba mokhatlo oa King James feela ba boetse ba na le litho tse ngata tsa baevangeli, likereke tsa Baptiste tsa motheo le litho tsa mokhatlo o hlophisitsoeng oa khalalelo.[99] Lihlopha tsena, ka ho sebelisa phetolelo e siiloeng ke nako le e fosahetseng, li lula li arohane le ho hlaka hoa Bebele joalo ka ha ho thusitsoe ke tlhahlobisiso ea lingoloa le boithuto ba sejoale-joale.

Mamormon a lumelletse KJV kaha e sebeletsa sepheo sa bona ho phahamisa Buka ea Mormon (BOM). Bukeng ea Liketso, ho na le litlaleho tse tharo tsa boiphihlelo ba phetoho ea Moapostola Paulose. Ho bonahala, joalo ka ha e ngotsoe ho KJV, ho na le likhanyetsano lipakeng tsa litlaleho tsena tsa boiphihlelo ba hae ba pholoho (Liketso 9: 7 bapisa le 22: 9). Ba sebelisa sena se bonahalang eka ke ho ikhanyetsa ho nyenyefatsa Bibele e le mokhoa oa ho phahamisa Buka ea Mormon. Ona ke mohlala o hlakileng oa kamoo mantsoe a patiloeng a KJV a lumellang lihlopha tse itseng ho jala liqeto tse fosahetseng.[100] Sena se tsamaellana le pono ea tlhahlobo e mahlonoko ea 1763, "Litlhaloso tse ngata tsa bohata, lipolelo tse sa hlakang, mantsoe a siiloeng ke nako le lipolelo tse fokolisang… li thabisa litšeho tsa mosomi."[101]

Bakreste ba lihlotšoana tse nyane tsa motheo hangata ba na le maikutlo a fosahetseng a bophahamo a ipapisitseng le phetolelo ea KJV, eo ba ke keng ba e utloisisa, empa ba batla hore ba bang kaofela le bona ba bale hore na le bona ba tla khelosoa. Se hlahang ke mofuta oa Bognostic boo ho bona baeta-pele ba itseng ba sehlotšoana sa bokhelohi ba ka ’nang ba bala moelelo o inahaneloang litemaneng tse sa hlakang le ho fetisa “tšenolo” e ncha kapa e makatsang. Hlokomela, King James Version e senyehile ebile e na le liphoso ’me ha ea lokela ho sebelisoa mehleng ea kajeno.

Litlhaloso

[1] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "King James Version," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=King_James_Version&oldid=1013280015 (e fihliloe ka la 22 Hlakubele 2021).

[2] Daniell, David (2003). The Bible in English: nalane ea eona le tšusumetso. P. 435. New Haven, Conn: Makasine ea Yale UniversityISBN 0-300-09930-4.

[3] Hill, Christopher (1997). Mokhatlo le Ma-puritanism England ea pele ho phetohelo. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-17432-2.

[4] Daniel 2003, leq. 439.

[5] Daniel 2003, leq. 434.

[6] Daniel 2003, leq. 143.

[7] Daniel 2003, leq. 152.

[8] Daniel 2003, leq. 156.

[9] Daniel 2003, leq. 204.

[10] Daniel 2003, leq. 277.

[11] Daniel 2003, leq. 292.

[12] Daniel 2003, leq. 304.

[13] Daniel 2003, leq. 339.

[14] Daniel 2003, leq. 344.

[15] Bobrick, Benson (2001). E pharaletse joaloka metsi: pale ea Bibele ea Senyesemane le phetoho eo e e khothalelitseng. leq. 186. New York: Simon le Schuster. ISBN 0-684-84747-7

[16] Metzger, Bruce (1 Mphalane 1960). "Geneva Bible ea 1560". Theology kajeno. 17 (3): 339-352. tse pedi:10.1177 / 004057366001700308

[17] Herbert, AS (1968), Historical Catalog of Printed Editions of the English Bible 1525–1961, London, New York: Mokhatlo oa Borithane le Linaha Tse Ling oa Bibele, American Bible Society, SBN 564-00130-9.

[18] Ackroyd, Peter (2006). Shakespeare: The Biography (Libuka tsa Anchor ea Pele ed.). Libuka tsa ankora. leq. EA-54. ISBN 978-1400075980

[19] 1599 Geneva Bible

[20] Greider, John C. (2008). The English Bible Translations and History: Khatiso ea Millennium (e ntlafalitsoeng ed.). Xlibris Corporation (e phatlalalitsoeng 2013). ISBN 9781477180518. E khutlisitsoe 2018-10-30. Baeti ba kenang ka har'a Khaba ea Mayflower […] Ba tlile le likopi tsa Geneva Bibele ea 1560; e hatisitsoe Geneva ke Roland Hall.

[21] “Khoeling ea Mayflower Qetellong”Khoeli ea Mayflower Qetellong. Mokhatlo o Akaretsang oa Litloholo tsa Mayflower. 73: 29. 2007. E khutlisitsoe 2018-10-30. Geneva Bible ena, e leng e 'ngoe ea libuka tsa bohlokoa tsa Mayflower, e ne e le ea William Bradford.

[22] https://www.apuritansmind.com/puritan-worship/the-geneva-bible

[23] https://www.apuritansmind.com/puritan-worship/the-geneva-bible

[24] https://www.apuritansmind.com/puritan-worship/the-geneva-bible/the-1560-geneva-bible/

[25] https://genevabible.com/product/geneva-bible-patriots-edition/

[26] Bafani ba Wikipedia. (2021, la 20 Mmesa). Geneva Bibele. Ka Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. E khutlisitsoe ka 06:59, la 17 Mots'eanong, 2021, ho tloha https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geneva_Bible&oldid=1018975232

[27] Ipgrave, Julia (2017). Adam Lekholong la leshome le metso e supileng la lilemo Ho Ngola Lipolotiki England le New England. London: Taylor le Francis. leq. 14. ISBN 9781317185598.

[28] Bafani ba Wikipedia. (2021, Mots'eanong 11). Bibele ea Sesotho. Ka Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. E khutlisitsoe ka 07:19, la 17 Mots'eanong, 2021, ho tloha https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=King_James_Version&oldid=1022673429

[29] Bafani ba Wikipedia. (2021, Mots'eanong 11). Bibele ea Sesotho. Ka Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. E khutlisitsoe ka 07:19, la 17 Mots'eanong, 2021, ho tloha https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=King_James_Version&oldid=1022673429

[30] https://genevabible.com/product/geneva-bible-patriots-edition/

[31] Daniel 2003, leq. 440.

[32] Daniel 2003, leq. 440.

[33] Bobrick 2001, leq. 252.

[34] Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1884). Authorized Edition of the English Bible, 1611, likhatiso tsa eona tse ileng tsa latela hape le baemeli ba sejoale-joale. p. 60. Cambridge: Khatiso ea Univesithi ea Cambridge. E bolokiloe ho ea pele ho 2008.

[35] Selemo sa 1884, maq. 243-63

[36] Daniel 2003, leq. 448.

[37] Selemo sa 1884, leq. 262.

[38] Edward F. Hills, Bibele ea Sesotho e Sirelelitsoe!, maq. 199-200.

[39] White, James (1995), Phehisano ea King James Feela: Na U ka Tšepa Liphetolelo Tsa Kajeno?, Minneapolis: Bethany House, leq. 248ISBN 1-55661-575-2OCLC 32051411

[40] Edward F. Hills, Bibele ea Sesotho e Sirelelitsoe!, maq. 199-200.

[41] Bruce M. Metzger & Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Ho fetisoa ha eona, Bobolu le Tsosoloso", O UP New York, Oxford, khatiso ea 4, 2005 (p87-89)

[42] https://www.thenivbible.com/is-the-king-james-version-the-only-divinely-inspired-version/

[43] https://www.thenivbible.com/is-the-king-james-version-the-only-divinely-inspired-version/

[44] “Lilemo tse 400 tsa King James Bible”Tlatsetso ea Lingoliloeng tsa Times. 9 Hlakola 2011. E bolokiloe ho tloha ho ea pele ka la 17 Phuptjane 2011. E khutlisitsoe ka la 8 Hlakubele 2011.

[45] https://www.kingjamesbible.me/Apocrypha-Books/

[46] https://www.goodnewsforcatholics.com/bible/question-when-was-the-apocrypha-removed-from-the-bible.html

[47] TO: Lilemo tse 400 (Khatiso ea 86) Ho Oela 2011.

[48] Daniell, David (2003). The Bible in English: nalane ea eona le tšusumetso. New Haven, Conn: Makasine ea Yale UniversityISBN 0-300-09930-4.

[49] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "Geneva Bible," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geneva_Bible&oldid=1018975232 (e fihliloe ka la 18 Mphalane 2021).

[50] https://www.apuritansmind.com/puritan-worship/the-geneva-bible/the-1560-geneva-bible/

[51] Herbert, AS (1968), Historical Catalog of Printed Editions of the English Bible 1525–1961, London, New York: Mokhatlo oa Borithane le Linaha Tse Ling oa Bibele, American Bible Society, SBN 564-00130-9.

[52] “Lilemo tse 400 tsa King James Bible”Tlatsetso ea Lingoliloeng tsa Times. 9 Hlakola 2011. E bolokiloe ho tloha ho ea pele ka la 17 Phuptjane 2011. E khutlisitsoe ka la 8 Hlakubele 2011.

[53] Bruce M. Metzger & Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Ho fetisoa ha eona, Bobolu le Tsosoloso", O UP New York, Oxford, khatiso ea 4, 2005 (p87-89)

[54]  Bart D. Ehrman, “Bobolu ba Orthodox. Kameho ea likhang tsa pele tsa thuto ea Bokreste ho Taba ea Testamente e Ncha ”, Oxford University Press, New York - Oxford, 1996, maq. 223–227.

[55] Bruce M. Metzger & Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Ho fetisoa ha eona, Bobolu le Tsosoloso", O UP New York, Oxford, khatiso ea 4, 2005 (p87-89)

[56] Eldon J. Epp, "Hobaneng ha Nyatso ea Litemana tsa Testamente e Ncha e le ea Bohlokoa?, " Linako tsa Expository 125 che. 9 (2014), leq. EA-419-T

[57] Peter J. Gurry, "Palo ea Mefuta e sa Tšoaneng ea Testamente e Ncha ea Segerike: Khakanyo e BuelletsoengLithuto tsa Testamente e Ncha 62.1 (2016), leq. 113

[58] Bart D. Ehrman, “Bobolu ba Orthodox. Kameho ea likhang tsa pele tsa thuto ea Bokreste ho Taba ea Testamente e Ncha ”, Oxford University Press, New York - Oxford, 1996, maq. 223–227.

[59] Bruce M. Metzger & Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Ho fetisoa ha eona, Bobolu le Tsosoloso", O UP New York, Oxford, khatiso ea 4, 2005 (p87-89)

[60] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "Lethathamo la litemana tsa Testamente e Ncha tse sa kenyellelitsoeng liphetolelong tsa sejoale-joale tsa Senyesemane," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_New_Testament_verses_not_included_in_modern_English_translations&oldid=1010948502 (e fihliloe ka la 23 Hlakubele 2021).

[61] Bobrick, Benson (2001). E pharaletse joaloka metsi: pale ea Bibele ea Senyesemane le phetoho eo e e khothalelitseng. New York: Simon le Schuster. ISBN 0-684-84747-7.

[62] Samuel T. Bloomfield, Testamente e Ncha ea Segerike (qalong ed. 1832, Cambridge) vol. 2, leqephe 128.

[63] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "Lethathamo la litemana tsa Testamente e Ncha tse sa kenyellelitsoeng liphetolelong tsa sejoale-joale tsa Senyesemane," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_New_Testament_verses_not_included_in_modern_English_translations&oldid=1010948502 (e fihliloe ka la 23 Hlakubele 2021).

[64] Philip SchaffMotsoalle ho Greek New Testament le English Version (1883, NY, Harper & Bros.) leqephe la 431.

[65] Bart D. Ehrman, “Bobolu ba Orthodox. Kameho ea likhang tsa pele tsa thuto ea Bokreste ho Taba ea Testamente e Ncha ”, Oxford University Press, New York - Oxford, 1996, maq. 223–227.

[66] Metzger, Bruce M. (1964). Mongolo oa Testamente e Ncha. Clarendon. maqephe 103-106, 216-218

[67] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "Textus Receptus," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Textus_Receptus&oldid=1007768105 (e fihletsoe ka May 18, 2021)

[68] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "Textus Receptus," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Textus_Receptus&oldid=1007768105 (e fihliloe ka la 18 Mphalane 2021).

[69] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "Novum Instrumentum omne," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Novum_Instrumentum_omne&oldid=1007766164 (e fihliloe ka la 18 Mphalane 2021).

[70] The King James Version Debate: A Plea For Realism, DA Carson, 1979, Baker Book House, leq. EA-74-TL

[71] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "Novum Instrumentum omne," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Novum_Instrumentum_omne&oldid=1007766164 (e fihliloe ka la 18 Mphalane 2021).

[72] Bruce M. Metzger & Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Ho fetisoa ha eona, Bobolu le Tsosoloso", O UP New York, Oxford, khatiso ea 4, 2005 (p87-89)

[73] Metzger, Bruce M. (1964). Mongolo oa Testamente e Ncha. Clarendon.

[74] Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005) [1964]. "Kgaolo ya 3. NAKO E QALANG. Tšimoloho le Puso ea Textus Receptus ”. The Text of the New Testament: Phetisetso ea eona, Bobolu le Tsosoloso (Mohlophisi oa bone). New York: Oxford University Press. leq. EA-4-TL ISBN 9780195161229.

[75] Tregelles, SP (1854). Tlaleho ea sengoloa se hatisitsoeng sa Greek New Testament; ka mantsoe mabapi le ntlafatso ea eona holima melao-motheo e hlokolosi. Hammoho le kopanyo ea litemana tse tšoaeang liphoso tsa Griesbach, Schloz, Lachmann le Tischendorf, e sebelisoang joalo ka eona. London: Samuel Bagster le Bara. leq. 22. OCLC 462682396.

[76]  Tregelles, SP (1854). Tlaleho ea sengoloa se hatisitsoeng sa Greek New Testament; ka mantsoe mabapi le ntlafatso ea eona holima melao-motheo e hlokolosi. Hammoho le kopanyo ea litemana tse tšoaeang liphoso tsa Griesbach, Schloz, Lachmann le Tischendorf, e sebelisoang joalo ka eona. London: Samuel Bagster le Bara. leq. 26. OCLC 462682396.

[77]   Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005) [1964]. "Kgaolo ya 3. NAKO E QALANG. Tšimoloho le Puso ea Textus Receptus ”. The Text of the New Testament: Transmission, Corruption le Tsosoloso ea eona (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. leq. EA-146-TL ISBN 9780195161229.

[78]  Erasmus, Desiderius (1993-08-01). Reeve, Anne (mohlophisi). Litlhaloso tsa Erasmus ka Testamente e Ncha: Bagalata ho Apocalypse. Sefahleho sa Taba ea ho Qetela ea Selatine le Mefuta Eohle ea Pele. Boithuto ho History of Christian Traditions, Buka ea: 52. Brill. leq. EA-770-TZ ISBN 978-90-04-09906-7.

[79] Daniel 2003, leq. 5.

[80] Bruce, Frederick Fyvie (2002). Nalane ea Bibele ka Sesotho. P. 145. Cambridge: Litaba tsa Lutterworth. ISBN 0-7188-9032-9.

[81] “Liphoso tsa King James Version? ea William W. Combs ” (PDF). DBSJ. 1999. E bolokiloe ho tloha ea pele (PDF) ka la 23 Loetse 2015.

[82] "BibleGateway -: Einhorn"benyang.com.

[83] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "King James Version," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=King_James_Version&oldid=1013280015 (e fihliloe ka la 18 Mphalane 2021).

[84] https://www.petergoeman.com/errors-in-king-james-version-kjv/

[85] Lamsa, George. Bibele e Halalelang e Tsoang Libukeng Tsa Boholo-holo Tse Ngotsoeng ka Letsoho tsa BochabelaISBN 0-06-064923-2.

[86] Eusebius, Hist. mohl. 6.14.1.

[87] Eusebius, Hist. mohl. 6.25.13

[88] Ena ke phetolelo ea ka ea Eusebius, Hist. mohl. 6.25.14.

[89] Harold W. Attridge, Lengolo le eang ho Baheberu, Hermeneia (Philadelphia: Qhobosheane, 1989)

[90] https://blog.logos.com/who-wrote-hebrews-why-it-may-not-be-paul/

[91] Eusebius, Hist. mohl. 3.3.5; 6.20.3

[92] https://blog.logos.com/who-wrote-hebrews-why-it-may-not-be-paul/

[93] https://blog.logos.com/who-wrote-hebrews-why-it-may-not-be-paul/

[94] https://zondervanacademic.com/blog/who-wrote-the-book-of-hebrews

[95] https://zondervanacademic.com/blog/who-wrote-the-book-of-hebrews

[96] https://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/kjvo.htm

[97] Phehisano ea King James Version: A Plea For Realism, DA Carlson, Baker Book House, 1979, maq. 101,102

[98] Li-Canon tsa Kopano e Akaretsang ea Kereke ea Episcopal: Canon 2: Of Translations of the Bible E ngotsoe 24 Phupu 2015 ho Wayback Machine

[99] Bafani ba Wikipedia, "Tsamaiso ea King James Feela," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=King_James_Only_movement&oldid=1022499940 (e fihliloe ka la 18 Mphalane 2021).

[100] https://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/kjvo.htm

[101] Tlhahlobo e Bohlokoa, 1763